## walking uphill

As I was walking up a very steep hill this morning, I devoted my remaining oxygen to calculating my energy output. Once fully oxygenated, I rechecked the numbers and came out with a work output of 168 watts.  This figure is just the energy to lift me up the 170 foot rise over 2 city blocks (10 % average slope as it turns out).

So how does this relate to energy, and its inherent value ?  If I worked at that energy output rate for 40 hours per week, 52 weeks per year, for 5 years, I would have produced 1,747 kWh.  As it turns out, a barrel of oil contains about 1,700 kWh of energy (if transformed at 100% efficiency).

Reference: Barrel of oil equivalent

## Transportation energy use

Since energy is a topic of conversation in our office, and I have been doing some bicycle commuting, it suddenly became important to have a table of transportation energy use.

 Mode kW-h/km kcal/mile Miles/gallon kW-h/mile beer-pints/mile Bicycle 0.0361 50 629 0.058 0.23 747 0.2521 350 90 0.407 1.59 Electric Car 0.1550 215 146 0.250 0.98 SUV 1.5128 2098 15 2.440 9.54 Train 0.0820 114 277 0.132 0.52

Conclusions:

• Bicycle wins the efficiency contest.
• Electric car could win the efficiency contest if you fit 5+ people in your car.
• Escalating that war, the tandem would probably be the next weapon of choice.
• Trains are pretty good (no surprise), and perhaps could get better with regenerative braking.

Assumptions:

• Bicycle uses 50 kcal/mile
• 747 90 mpg (FAA figure is lower,but…)
• Electric car: .25 kwh/mile (from Tesla  if you trust software ‘geniuses’  posing as a car company, or if you trust the old fashioned car company GM, their ‘Volt’ appears to be .34 kW-h/mile)
• <rant> Tesla presents data like a software vendor (no surprise).  Their claim a 70amp @220 volt charger, running for 3.5 hours charges the battery fully (capacity listed as 55kw-h). Energy = efficiency (always less than 1.0) x 70 x 220 x 3.5 = 53.9. Clearly credibility = 1/ efficiency </rant>
• SUV 15 mpg
• Train (swiss) .082kwh/passenger-mile
• Pint of beer has 220 kcal
• kcal (kilocalories) are the kind we eat (aka Calories with a big ‘C’)  Yep, our system of measurement is THAT stupid. Small calories x1000 = Calories =  kilocalories.

Conversion Notes:

• It’s assumed that all liquid fuels have the same energy content as gasoline: 36.6 kwh/ gallon.
• Liquid fuels have crappy energy conversion, unlike electricity which can be 100% efficient.

## Railways should be open sourced.

Even though railroads are much more energy efficient and deliver lower transportation costs without federal subsidies, why are trucks the preferred mode of transportation?

I think that the answer lies in the fact that the highway truck combination is effectively open source.  The term open source is commonly used in the software world, but it applies here as well.

The platform is a highway, which just about anybody can use, provided they obey rules for weight, size, and safety of their modules (trucks in this case). This gives a tremendous amount of freedom to truckers and shippers to control their own destiny.  Ask anybody who has used the railroads for shipping and you will see that a rigid central planning department controls how and when your freight arrives.

How about this for an idea. Let’s make the railroads into a regulated monopoly. (It works for electricity, water, and gas BTW). The railroad makes its income by maintaining the infrastructure.